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泰國傳奇:財佛鑾波梭通

佛教是公元前5世紀基於佛陀悉達多喬達摩的教義所建立的主要世界宗教, 全世界約有5.35億佛教徒,其中超過1億是上座部佛教徒。上座部佛教,也被稱為“長老教義”,是佛教中最古老,最純粹的形式,保存和實踐了佛陀時代的教義和傳統。這些古老的教義和傳統皆很詳細的被記錄在巴利教規中。現今,上座部佛教在南亞最為強大,同時也漸漸在整個東南亞甚至歐洲西部大陸都佔有一席之地。

由佛教遍布世界各地看來,佛教寺廟數量便不想可知。在我們早期的文章“帕澤渡金拉瑪帖: 泰國境內外的狂熱文化”我們曾提到僅在泰國王國就有40,717座上座部佛教寺廟,或許, 也是世界上最多上座部佛教寺廟的國家。在這40,717座上座部佛教寺廟中更包括一座歷史悠久的寺廟,一座大城府年代晚期建於泰國東部北柳府的西部曼芭空河岸邊的古廟佛寺。這座寺廟的歷史和它所供奉的主佛像都充滿了神秘和懸念。

一座古老而簡單的寺廟,裡面供奉著國寶財佛鑾波梭通

在曼芭空河漂流的三尊巨大銅佛

三個多世紀以前,在那萊大帝或暹羅大城王國的拉瑪鐵菩提席桑碧國王統治期間,一名漁民在曼芭空河上發現了三尊巨大的金銅佛像,不可思議的漂浮在水面。漁民迅速聚集村民,想將三尊巨大的金銅佛像從水中拉出來。但是,所有嘗試都失敗了。他們甚至試圖將繩索綁在佛像上,但是繩索卻啪的一聲斷了,佛像也一直沿著河流流動。村民們充滿了失望和悲傷,因為他們深信是村莊沒有足夠的福報來供請這三尊佛像到他們的村莊裡接受村民的朝拜才會沒能把佛像拉上河岸。

突然,水流增加並變得紊亂,三尊巨大的金銅佛像中的兩尊隨著河流往下河急流而去,唯有一尊神奇的保留在原地水中。兩尊往下河急流而去的佛像其中一尊直流出了79公里後方落足在北欖府,即今被稱為鑾波瓦曼幣的佛主,而另一尊佛像則流到152公里外的夜功府,即今被稱為鑾波瓦曼聯的佛主。

繩索拉斷而不動 聖僧卻一線恭請佛上岸

一位來自瓦鴻佛寺的神靈派高僧應村民之邀來幫助恭請剩下的佛陀神像留居北柳府。該位大師吩咐村民備了香燭鮮花和一些祭品便在河岸邊就坐進行祭拜儀式,不一會,大師吩咐村民將“賽新”(泰國誦經線)帶到佛像處並將其綁在佛像上時,村民們難免感到驚訝甚至懷疑。村民們心想,即使是一條粗繩子也會被扯斷,一條細如髮的“賽新”還能管什麼用。儘管如此,他們還是按照大師的吩咐去做了。然後高僧坐在河岸邊,開始念誦。令村民們驚訝的是,當僧人高呼時,佛像盡然應聲開始向河岸“漂”過來。

該金銅佛像寬1.65米,高1.48米,經高僧一番誦經恭請,盡然隨著高僧收回的“賽新” “漂”到岸邊,再經村民輕輕一撈,便輕而易舉的將佛像搬上岸來。鑾波梭通佛祖的特徵與其他佛像的特徵截然不同,祂臉如滿月且嘴角更帶著平靜微笑,這種神態的佛像在暹羅大城王國年代或之前根本不成有過。鑾波梭通佛祖被入住瓦鴻佛寺受供奉,後來瓦鴻佛寺也因而改名為瓦梭通沃拉蘭沃拉維漢佛寺。不要感到驚訝,今天在瓦梭通沃拉蘭沃拉維漢佛寺大殿受供奉的佛像尺寸比以上所述要大得多,原因是原本的鑾波梭通佛祖的佛像,為防備盜竊,從在瓦鴻佛寺受供奉時便已在佛像外多加了一層水泥,把原有的佛像隱藏在其中。

泰國東部北柳府的守護神和福神

在鑾波梭通佛祖被供奉于瓦鴻佛寺之後,北柳府便從起初的一個人煙稀少的漁村,開始繁榮發展,商人逐漸將他們的交易帶到了村莊,並在那裡建立了更多的業務。那些向鑾波梭通佛祖致敬的人更是看到他們的生意興旺起來,因此,幾個世紀以來,鑾波梭通佛祖倍受商人信奉,一般的信徒也同樣得到深厚的福報,因此,鑾波梭通佛祖一直是泰國最著名的財佛。

在大城王國時期,醫療設施幾乎是原始的,因此人們通常採取信仰治療。在那時期,經常爆發疾病和瘟疫的,而病死的人不在少數。北柳府的村民,隨後包括來自其他省份的人們,在遇病患時都向鑾波梭通佛祖祈禱尋求幫助。用作祭品的香和花都被用作藥物,或將它們煮沸飲用,或將它用於洗澡以去邪。隨著許多奇蹟的發生,尤其是在佛歷2433年爆發瘟疫的治愈,更是加強了人們對鑾波梭通佛祖的信心,至今祂不僅是北柳府的守護神和福神,也是世界各地人們的守護神和福神。

信徒答謝鑾波梭通佛祖的厚德高恩

兩個主要的功效觸動了數百萬人的心

鑾波梭通佛祖賜給信徒的兩樣主要恩典,即是財富和健康。凡是到北柳府祈求的信徒無不得到鑾波梭通佛祖的祝福,几乎是靈驗無比,隨著有關鑾波梭通佛祖多靈驗的消息也漸漸傳開來,泰國各地的許多人也聞風乘坐木筏穿過曼芭空河前往瓦梭通沃拉蘭沃拉維漢佛寺敬拜鑾波梭通佛祖。有許多前來敬拜鑾波梭通佛祖的信徒索性在北柳府定居下來,因此,北柳府人口也迅速增加,把原本一個小村莊變得繁榮起來。或許,正是由於這個特殊的原因,今天有些人也把鑾波梭通佛祖當成“生育”佛來膜拜。

敬拜鑾波梭通佛祖為財富和治療萬病的佛陀一直保留至今,而每年都有數百萬來自世界各地的商人和信徒特地前往北柳府省敬拜鑾波梭通佛祖,當然也有許多人是去還願的,這一來,不但帶動了北柳府的經濟,同時瓦梭通沃拉蘭沃拉維漢佛寺也因為香客鼎盛成為泰國最富有的寺廟。帕普達鑾波梭通或簡稱鑾波梭通佛祖已成為泰國王國的主要財佛。

一座雄偉壯觀的白色修道院,金碧輝煌

國王普密蓬•阿杜德陛下的願望

在1966年,當泰國國王普密蓬•阿杜德陛下親臨瓦梭通沃拉蘭沃拉維漢佛寺敬拜鑾波梭通佛祖時,曾說希望有一天,最受尊敬的鑾波梭通佛祖神像會被奉於一座宏偉的寺廟內。自那時起,寺廟管理會便開始著手實現國王的願望。終於,在1992年,瓦梭通沃拉蘭沃拉維漢佛寺進行了為期15年的重建工程,並於2006年完成。

外景包括花園和梭通佛寺

新寺廟佔地5496平方米,不包括周圍的寺廟設施,整座寺廟採用獨特的建築外觀,混合傳統的泰國建築特色和現代風味,並且使用意大利卡拉拉大理石瓷磚和鍍金陶瓷等鋪設,整個設計都以白和金色為主,使整座寺廟看起來優美時髦但也不失傳統的雄偉壯觀。

在“維漢”或大殿的中心是一個方形結構,四個拱門豎立成一個85米高的八層金字塔形屋頂,五個4.90米高的金色皇家傘,重77公斤。據估計,整個重建項目的總額超過20.4億泰銖。

鑾波梭通佛祖和其他佛像以非傳統的開放和寬敞的風格供奉於中央

2006年8月30日,泰國公主瑪哈•扎克里•詩琳通殿下在北柳府代表當時泰國國王普密蓬•阿杜德陛下主持新建的瓦梭通沃拉蘭沃拉維漢佛寺開幕儀式。新寺廟被認為是世界上最美麗,最大的上座部佛教寺廟。

鑾波梭通佛牌和古董帕順德佛牌一樣昂貴

由於靈驗的關係,鑾波梭通佛祖的佛像和佛牌備受追捧。為了迎合不同的群眾,這些聖物的價格有很大的距離,一些佛像和佛牌價格昂貴到不可思議,但是一般佛像和佛牌則是適中的價格。大約一個世紀以前所製造的那些聖物,無論是效果還是古董價值,不問可知皆屬超級昂貴的範圍,它們的價格往往都是從幾十萬泰銖到幾千萬泰銖不等。佛歷2460年所出廟的鑾波梭通佛牌最高紀錄價為3000萬泰銖。特殊紀念品或由特別材料製成的佛像和佛牌也同樣價格不俗。鑾波梭通佛祖的靈驗程度不言可知,既是那佛歷2460年的偽造品通過互聯網銷售的價格也能從僅僅幾百泰銖到高達50萬泰銖。

2509年所出廟的鑾波梭通佛祖佛牌

後者,即佛歷2534年出廟的那一批佛像和佛牌,是採用新瓦混合佛理2530年所餘留的久瓦製成的。它們價格適中,並開放給公眾恭請。在佛歷2534年那批聖物,還有比較特殊的兩種,一種是由泰國銀行提供的破碎鈔票製成的佛像,代表著財富和繁榮,而另一種則是用經過高僧誦經加持的千年紅花朵所製成的佛像,表示身體健康。

在泰國還流傳著一句俗語道:如果你沒有恭請過鑾波梭通佛祖的佛像或佛牌你就不是泰國佛教徒。從這一句俗語中,可以聽出泰國人對鑾波梭通佛祖的敬重。鑾波梭通佛祖不僅是一尊重要的佛陀,而且祂也是泰國三大財佛之一。雖然到目前為止,還沒有人知道鑾波梭通佛祖真正來自哪裡或祂的佛像是什麼時候鑄造的,祂的起源悠然是一個謎,但是,整個泰國王國的人民都崇拜鑾波梭通佛祖,來自世界各地的人也是如此,而鑾波梭通佛祖也沒讓祂的信徒失望。如果您認為我們言過其實,誇大了鑾波梭通佛祖事蹟和祂對泰國佛教的重要性,請隨時向泰國人詢問有關鑾波梭通佛祖的信息便可知其真相。最後,如果你想知道誰是另外兩尊泰國財佛,請繼續關注我們。

是香港電影明星張柏芝被當成了傻瓜,還是井底蛙在呱叫?

以下是台灣中天新聞的一篇報導,而據該報導,香港影星張柏芝以60萬新台幣買下了一枚帕順德古佛牌,該佛牌為她的職業生涯帶來了巨大好運。然而, 新聞主播劉英秀聲明,根據他們的泰國佛牌專家宣稱,帕順德古佛牌並沒張柏芝所付的那種價值。陳師父針對此一報告提供了徹底的回應,揭露了台灣新聞報導背後的劣質文化…..

一般而言,作為一個有道德的評論家必定是一個在特定領域擁有深厚知識的人,儘管不一定必須是該領域的專家,但也得擁有豐富或一定的知識以使他能夠評估,評分和傳達客觀知情意見或對主題做出適當的評論,例如,社會或政府政策。請注意,我們提議“深厚知識”,而不是“專業知識”,儘管後者可能更為可取,否則任何意見都有可能是不明智甚至愚蠢或含有誤導性的。這些評論的最低標準是必要的,它能讓評論家通過審議和審查感覺來引用心智能力應用於評論上,這同時也區分明智評論和無知批評之間的分別。

根據上述情況,不可避免地有許多“評論家”皆是採用頭銜膨脹來證明他們的批評是合理的評論,但事實上本身並未持有該領域的知識。例如,“師”這個詞在台灣很放縱且大量的被使用。“師”字面意思是“師父”,“老師”或“專家”,但在台灣人用來“師”這個詞未必需要懷有專業知識或深厚知識,所以我們常常都會聽到一般的水電工,泥作工,廚師等等都被稱為“師”。與“師”一詞同樣鬆散和放縱被使用的便是“評論家”一詞,這就是為什麼我們在台灣可以觀看到如此多的評論節目和新聞,但是,靜心觀察下,這些節目都具娛樂性多過知識信息呵!不可避免地,我們也因此看到頭銜膨脹和無知批評對泰國佛教在當地直接造成了負面影響。

以上是灣中天新聞報導香港電影明星張柏芝花了新台幣60萬元在泰國奉請到古董帕順德(台灣隨香港採用粵語稱之為崇迪,但我們還是選擇用“順德”因為它是泰語的直接發音)護身佛牌上的新聞片段。據新聞片段報導,帕順德護身佛牌給張柏芝帶來了巨大的職業運,使得張柏芝死灰復燃,平步青雲,財源廣進。同時,在新聞廣播​​過程中,台灣中天新聞還介紹了一位當地泰國佛教文物專家。

據稱,由張柏芝奉請得的古董帕順德護身佛牌竟有140年以上的歷史,這意味著它可能是由泰國最受敬仰高德順德帕普達佔多珀瑪壤思大師所製作和加詞的最後一批帕順德護身佛牌。順德帕普達佔多珀瑪壤思大師是首位製作帕順德護身佛牌的高德,故帕順德佛牌的名稱也是因他而得。新聞主播劉英秀發表了一份聲明,聲稱根據“專家”的說法,古董帕順德護身佛牌價值根本而不需要幾十萬台幣。

泰國最受敬仰高德順德帕普達佔多珀瑪壤思大師

我們在這裡分享這條“新聞”的相關性是什麼呢?大家都知道,由高德順德帕普達佔多珀瑪壤思大師所製作的古董帕順德護身佛牌市價輕而易舉皆是百萬泰銖起跳,這是一般泰國佛教徒和泰國佛牌收藏家的基本知識,所以,這條“新聞”不僅凸顯了“專家”頭銜膨脹濫用以外,還強調了假新聞的本質。

一枚150萬泰銖

以上是本行東主陳壟伐先生與2013年6月5日在泰國瓦杰差喲佛寺內櫃檯所拍攝的照片,亦立即將其上傳到我們的臉書並與我們的客戶分享。照片中明確顯示了那些帕順德護身佛牌的價格,每一枚150萬泰銖,大約相當於新台幣140萬。這是一個難得的機會,可以瞥見到那個類別及以上的真正古董帕順德護身佛牌。

鑾普崇瓦納唐諾佛寺的帕順護身佛牌

上述是市價新台幣40萬的帕順護身佛牌照片。這麼多年來,本行經手新台幣30萬以上的帕 順德 護身佛牌和其他的佛牌已不計其數,包括但不限於出自瓦拉康佛寺,瓦麥阿瑪大羅佛寺,瓦杰差喲佛寺,瓦比昆銅佛寺,瓦納唐諾佛寺等等的高端文物。所以,本行覺得來自中天新聞和他們“專家”的意見非常有趣,便冒昧地在此和我們尊貴顧客分享,搏君一笑!價格超過新台幣60萬以上的佛牌也太尋常啦,買幾本泰國佛牌收藏書籍看看便可把泰國佛牌領域的知識升級喲!

Was Hong Kong movie star Cecilia Cheung being made a Sucker or has the Ill-Informed Critic Croaked?

In the following clip by Zhongtian News, Taiwan, it was reported that Hong Kong movie star Cecilia Cheung rented an antique Phra Somdej amulet for NT600, 000 and which had brought Cecilia Cheung tremendous career luck. However, according to the news anchor, an expert in Thai amulets pronounced that an antique Phra Somdej amulet does not command that kind of value Cecilia Cheung had paid for. Master Tan provided a thorough response and exposed the shoddy culture behind Taiwan’s news reporting…

Generally, an informed critic is a person who possesses profound knowledge in a specific field albeit not necessarily having to be a specialist in the said field but suffice that he is able to assess, evaluate, and communicate an objectively informed opinion or critique about a subject matter, for example, social or government policy. Do take note that I stipulated “profound knowledge” and not “specialized knowledge” although the latter may be preferable otherwise any opinion delivered stands the risk of being ill-informed and stupid if not misleading. These minimum criterions for criticism are necessary to invoke a judicious application of the mental faculty through examination of sensation by deliberation which in turn allow for a distinction to be drawn between a critique and a rant.

Pursuant to the afore-mentioned, there are inevitably many “critics” who adopt title inflation in order to justify their criticism as informed opinions. For example, here in Taiwan, there is a profuse and loose use of the term “師” which literally means a “master”, “teacher’, or “expert” and it is not surprising to hear plumbers, tilers, cooks, and et cetera being addressed as “師”. With as much looseness as the use of the term “師” there is also a liberal use of the term “評論家” or critic which is why we are seeing abundant commentary programs and commentary news (評論節目) here that is of entertaining quality more than knowledgeable deliberation. Inevitably, we too are seeing such title inflation and ill-informed commentary taking a toll on Thai Buddhism here.

The above is a Taiwan news clip by Zhongtian News on a Phra Buddha Somdej amulet rented for NT600, 000 by Hong Kong movie star Cecilia Cheung. It was reported that that Somdej amulet had brought Cecilia Cheung tremendous career luck. In the course of the broadcasting, an expert in Thai Buddhism was also introduced.

It was claimed therein that the particular Somdej amulet rented by Cecilia Cheung is 140 over years of age thereby implying it is possibly the last batch of Phra Buddha Somdej amulet made and consecrated by His Venerable Somdej Phra Buddhachantoh Promarangsi. However, the news reader Liu Yingxiu made a closing statement with a claim that according to expert an antique Somdej amulet does not worth that much of money.

His Venerable Somdej Phra Buddhachantoh Promaragsi

What is the relevance of us sharing this piece of “news” here? Well, it is a general knowledge of Thai Buddhists and Thai amulet collectors that a genuine Somdej amulet made by Somdej Phra Buddhachantoh Promaragsi easily fetch a market price of more than a million baht which is equivalent to more than NT920, 000 and amulets with a price tag of NT500, 000 are just too common. Therefore, that piece of “news” not only highlights the abuse of title inflation, it also underscores the essence of fake news.

NT1.4 million Somdet amulets

The above are photographs taken by our Mr David Tan on 5th June 2013 in Wat Kiat Chayeo which he immediately uploaded to our Facebook and shared them with our valued customers. The asking prices of those Somdej amulets were explicitly shown in the photograph and it was 1.5 million Baht each which is approximately equivalent to NT1.4 million. It was a rare opportunity to catch a glimpse of a genuine antique Somdej amulet of that category and above.

Somdej LP Chung

To-date, we have rented out numerous high-ends Somdej amulets from prominent temples including but not limiting to Wat Rahkang, Wat Mai Amatarot, Wat Kiat Chayeo, Wat Pitkulthong, Wat Natangnok, and et cetera with prices costing more than NT300, 000 – NT500, 000. The piece of news from Zhongtian News and their expert’s opinion is so funny that we took the liberty to share it here just for a laugh! So what do you think? Feel free to express your opinion here.

帕泽渡金拉玛帖:毗濕奴大天王

Jaktukam3

在我們之前的文章“帕泽渡金拉玛帖: 泰國境內外的狂熱文化”中,我們類別分明地通過圍繞着神明的眾多故事來區分事實和虛假以便幫助我們的讀者將事實與他們的信仰相關聯以確定辨認帕泽渡金拉玛帖究竟是那尊神明。因此,憑藉考古證據,毗濕奴普拉納經文記錄和歷史驗證,我們都得到一個堅定的結論,那就是帕泽渡金拉玛帖實際上是印度教毗濕奴大天王,是印度教三尊至高無上的神之一。 所以,在本文中,我們將交叉參考帕泽渡金拉玛帖與毗濕奴大天王的神聖能力,使信徒能夠更深入了解他們的信仰。

帕泽渡金拉玛帖的標誌性形象

正如在市場所常見的那樣,帕泽渡金拉玛帖的護身符,佛牌和雕像都是用不同的材料製作而且款式眾多,因此,對於該神袛沒有深入了解的人來說,這可能會造成很大的困惑。 然而,如果信徒有足夠的觀察力,傳統的護身符,佛牌和帕泽渡金拉玛帖的雕像既包含該神袛本身的神象之外,通常也會包含以下一個或多個像徵性圖像,如納迦,太陽和月亮,以及帕拉壺(天狗)。 護身符和佛牌後側的設計有更大的靈活性,它可以雕有寺廟標誌,佛塔,高德即高僧形象等等圖案形象。

然而,我們必須再三強調,這些具有像徵性的圖像並非出於奇思妙想的設計,而是根據印度教經文記錄設計的。與帕澤渡金拉瑪帖一起出現的每個標誌性圖像都具有特定或一系列特定目的的意向,並且皆可追溯到印度教經文記載中和通過其中典故得到解釋。因此,如果伴隨著帕澤渡金拉瑪帖的任何標誌性設計無法追溯到印度教經文中且得不到解釋,那麼那批護身符,佛牌和神像的起源就值得質疑了!

瓦諾佛寺, 帕泽渡金

根據前所提到的,帕澤渡金拉瑪帖和他的能力是他的護身符,佛牌和

神像的主要效果,而其他像徵性圖像且具有次要效果。 因此,佛牌經銷商有責任教育他們的顧客,並仔細地將後者的需求與護身符和佛牌的主要和次要效果影響相匹配好。對於本文的其餘部分,除了闡明帕澤渡金拉瑪帖的神聖能力之外,我們還將為讀者解釋帕澤渡金拉瑪帖與那些象徵性圖像(如納迦,太陽和月亮,帕拉壺)之間的聯繫是如何發生的以及後者的次要效果影響 是麼。

瓦普泰薩灣佛寺, 帕泽渡金

以上顯示的五頭納迦帕澤渡金拉瑪帖的神像起源於大城府地區泰國歷史悠久的寺廟之一瓦普泰薩灣佛寺。在帕澤渡金拉瑪帖熱期間價錢曾一度上漲到10萬泰銖的市值。 今天,源于瓦普泰薩灣佛寺的帕澤渡金拉瑪帖神聖物仍然是備受追捧的,導致市面上出現很多仿造的假護身符,佛牌和神像。

除了神聖物的價格外,這尊神像的獨特之處是伴著帕澤渡金拉瑪帖那條五頭納迦。五頭納迦被稱為阿迪世薩,是所有納迦之王。我們不會在本文 中深入研究阿迪世薩的來源,但足以說明的是它的五個頭代表支持宇宙的五大支柱併且阿迪世薩是毘濕奴大天王的同伴。依據印度教經文記載,阿迪世薩是生命 和連續性的保護者。因此,當帕澤渡金拉瑪帖與納迦出現時,實際上便便毘濕奴大天王與他的同伴阿迪世薩一起出現,這意味著為他的信徒提供保護。

瓦瑪哈塔沃拉瑪哈維漢, 帕泽渡金

文中有關於翻騰牛奶海洋(既是距離七大洋中心第五海洋)的典故。這是另一個超出了本文範圍的長且複雜的故事,然而,為了幫助我們的讀者連接種種象徵標誌的重要性,我們將提供關於翻騰牛奶海洋的簡要總結。

翻騰牛奶海洋

在聖人杜瓦薩的詛咒下,眾天神正在漸漸失去他們神能力量,需要牛奶海洋中的艾密特拉甘露才能恢復祂們的神能力量。然而,眾天神的體制已經太弱了,不能自己攪動牛奶海洋,因此,他們欺騙眾阿修羅來幫助他們,且承諾事成後將和眾阿修羅分享艾密特拉甘露。然而,在取得艾密特拉甘露後,毗濕奴大天王化身變成了一位充滿吸引力且迷人的少女,以分散和欺騙眾阿修羅,把他們所得的艾密特拉甘露一一騙回。唯有一名阿修羅,即拉壺視破毗濕奴大天王的動機,而化身成天神把得到的艾密特拉甘露喝下。儘管如此,拉壺還是被太陽和太陰兩給發現,祂們將拉壺暴露給毗濕奴大天王。就在艾密特拉甘露未充分發揮作用之前,毗濕奴大天王便揮起寶劍將拉壺砍成兩段,但由於艾密特拉甘露的影響,拉壺的上半身仍然成為金剛不朽身。因此,拉壺發誓要對太陽和太陰兩神進行報復,並試圖把祂們吞下(印度教徒在日食背後的理論)。然而,因為拉壺沒了下半身所以太陽和太陰兩能穿過他的腹部並結束了日食。因此,當帕澤渡金拉瑪帖護身符和佛牌與太陽,月亮和拉壺一起出現時,它意味著帕澤渡金拉瑪帖將幫助他的信徒保持安然無恙。

如果我們選擇相信那些充滿缺陷的流言,例如帕澤渡金拉瑪帖指的是城市的四尊監護神,或者錢德拉巴努國王或斯里納爾讓勳爵,也被稱為“南海黑王”,以及斯里維加亞王座的第二個繼承人或觀世音菩薩或沿著這條線的任何主張,我們便同樣無法如以上所訴的那樣解釋和斷然地闡明每個像徵性的神物和帕澤渡金拉瑪帖之間的聯繫和關係了。

至於何以帕拉壺能從一個魔界的阿修羅搖身一變成為泰國佛教萬人崇拜的神明,而祂又如何幫助信徒驅逐“小人”等等,這些將在我們不久將開即將發表關於帕拉壺的文章中詳細為讀者闡述和解釋。欲知詳情,請繼續關注我們。

帕澤渡金拉瑪帖給予信徒的金錢是從何獲得?

還記得,在我們之前的文章“帕澤渡金拉瑪帖:泰國境內外的狂熱文化”中,我們在子標題“神聖物體與信徒之間的聯繫”裡聲稱“對泰國佛教的信仰遠遠超越了僅僅相信的主要先決條件,並且需要一個連接過去,現在和未來的清晰描述。同樣的理論也適用於連接信徒和神聖物體的信仰。信徒需要知道神聖物體的起源(過去),干預情境 的能力(現在),以及帶來期望結果(未來)。”嗎?眾所周知,帕澤渡金拉瑪帖是尊財神,常賜予祂的信徒金錢和財富,因此,我們需要知道祂財源的來歷。

要回答這個問題,我們實際上又必須再次回到關於翻騰牛奶海洋的印度教典故中。從牛奶海洋生出的各種寶物恰好有一尊金錢和財富女神拉施密,而金錢和財富女神拉施偏偏 選擇了毘濕濕大天王為她的配偶。因此,無限的金錢和財富在邏輯上該是來自金錢和財富女神拉施密。

正如我們在前文章中所承諾的那樣,當我們來描述帕澤渡金拉瑪帖的神聖能力時,我們不會加入群眾憑空捏造信息,我們將為讀者提供有根有據有跡可循的信息,如以上所述帕澤渡金拉瑪帖和毗濕濕大天王的每種能力的交叉參考。如此一來,我們不但實現了我們的諾言,同時我們也幫助我們的讀者更深一層了解他們的信仰。傳授泰國佛教的基本信條是我們的使命,鼓勵在宗教信仰中培養智慧是我們的目標,我們真誠地希望我們的社區能夠實現一個健康的佛教生活方式。

Phra Jaktukam Ramathep: Lord Vishnu

In our previous article “Phra Jaktukam Ramathep: A Frenzy Culture Within and Beyond Thailand” we categorically helped our readers to correlate facts to their beliefs in identifying who Phra Jakukam Ramathep really is by first distinguishing between facts and falsehoods amongst the numerous stories surrounding the Deity. Consequently, we all came to a firm conclusion by virtue of archaeological evidence, puranic records, and historical verifications that Phra Jaktukam Ramathep is in fact one of Hindu’s supreme God Lord Vishnu. Therefore, in this article, we are going to cross reference the godly abilities of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep with that of Lord Vishnu to enable believers to have a better understanding of their belief.

The Iconic Images of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep
 
As evidenced in the market, amulets, pendants, and images of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep are made with different materials and come in numerous styles that can prove really confusing to those who do not possess an in-depth understanding about the Deity. However, if believers are observant enough, traditional amulets, pendants, and images of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep contains either an image of the Deity Himself or together with one or more of the following emblematic images such as nagas, sun and moon, and Phra Rahu. More flexibility is accorded only to the rear side of amulets and pendants which may include talismans, images of chedi, Luang Phors, Phra Pidta and et cetera.

 

Wat Noak, Jaktukam 2 dragons (2nd batch)

However, it has to be emphasised from the outset that these emblematic images are not designs out of whims and fancy but are rooted in puranic records. Each emblematic image that appears with Phra Jaktukam Ramathep is representational of a specific or a series of specific purposes of which can be explained and traced back to puranic records. Therefore, if any emblemtic design accompanying Phra Jaktukam Ramathep that is not traceable and explained in the Puranas, then the origin of those amulets, pendants, and images become fundamentally questionable.

Wat Noak, Jatukam, 1st Batch

Pursuant to the aforementioned, Phra Jaktukam Ramathep and His abilities is the principal effect of His amulets, pendants, and images whilst other emblematic figures possess secondary effects. Therefore, it is the responsibility of amulet dealers to educate their customers and carefully match the latter’s needs with both the principal and secondary effects of amulets and pendants.

For the rest of this article, besides elucidating the capabilities of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep, we are also going to explain how associations between Phra Jaktukam Ramathep and those emblematic images such as nagas, sun and moon, and Phra Rahu occur and what their secondary effects thereof are.

Wat Phutthaisawan – Jaktukam

The above amulet originated from one of Thailand’s historical temple Wat Phutthaisawan in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya district and has once rose to the market value of 100,000 baht during the Jaktukam fever. Today, it remains one of the highly sought after amulets which resulted in many imitations.

Price of the amulet aside, the unique feature here is Phra Jaktukam Ramathep has a five-headed naga acting as His sunshade. The five-headed naga is called Adishesha, the King of all nagas. We will not be delving into the story of Adishesha in this article but suffice to state herein that its five heads represent the five pillars or directions of the universe which it supports and that Adishesha is Lord Visnu’s companion. Adishesha is the protector of life and continuity. Therefore, when Phra Jaktukam Ramathep appears with his naga companion, it is actually Lord Vishnu with his companion Adishesha and it means offering protection to His believers.

Wat Phra Mahathat Voramaha Vihara, Jaktukam

Amulets and pendants featuring Phra Jaktukam Ramathep with the sun, moon, and Phra Rahu may be traced back to the Hindu mythology pertaining to the Churning of the Ocean of Milk as per the Vishnu Purana. This is yet another long and complicated story which is beyond the scope of this article. However, to help our readers correlate the significance of the various emblematic figures we shall provide a brief summary on the Churning of the Ocean of Milk.

Churning of the Ocean of Milk

The Devas, under the curse of sage Durvasas, were losing their powers and needed the amrita in the deep ocean to recover. However, the Devas were already too weak to churn the ocean of milk by themselves and, hence, they tricked the Asuras into helping them by promising the latter a share of the amrita. Nonetheless, after retrieving the amrita, Lord Vishnu transformed into an attractive and captivating damsel to distract and trick the Asuras of their share of the amrita whilst the Devas drank theirs. Only one Asura, that is Rahu, saw through Lord Vishnu’s trick and disguised himself as a Deva to drink the amrita. Nevertheless, Rahu was discovered by Sun God Surya and the Moon God Chandra who exposed Rahu to Lord Vishnu. Just before the amrita took full effect, Lord Vishnu cut Rahu into half but, because of the effect of the amrita, Rahu’s upper body remained immortal. Consequently, Rahu vowed revenge against the Sun and Moon Gods and attempted to swallow them whenever he has the opportunity (the Hindu’s rationale behind eclipse). Nevertheless, the Sun and Moon pass through his belly and end the eclipse. Therefore, when Phra Jaktukam Ramathep amulets and pendants come with the Sun, Moon, and Rahu, it signifies that Phra Jaktukam Ramathep will help His believers to remain unharmed.

With this explanation and association amongst the various emblematic figures, we believe readers are now in an even better position to understand the actual relationship between Phra Jaktukam Ramathep and Lord Vishnu. If we are to believe any of those flawed speculations such as the four guardians of the city, or King Chandra Banu or Lord Sri Srinagarang, also known as “Black King of the South Sea” and the second of the Srivijaya Throne or Avalokiteshvara Bodisattva or anything along this line of propagation then we will equally not be able to explain and categorically elucidate the association and relationship amongst each of those emblematic figures as we have done above.

As regards how an Asuras like Rahu from the nether world is able to gain His own worshippers and help dispel “small people” like backstabbers, gossipers, and et cetera will be fully elaborated and explained in one of our upcoming articles on Phra Rahu.

Where does Phra Jaktukam Ramathep Gets Money to Give Believers?

Remember in our previous article “Phra Jaktukam Ramathep: A Frenzy Culture Within and Beyond Thailand” under the sub-header “The Connection between Sacred Objects and Believers” we postulated that “Faith in Thai Buddhism far transcend the primary prerequisite of mere believe and necessitate a clear description connecting past, present, and future. The same theory applies to the faith connecting believers and sacred objects. Believers need to know the origin (past) of the sacred object, its ability to intervene in a situation (present), and bringing about a desire outcome (future)”? As we all know, Phra Jaktukam Ramathep is known to bestow wealth and fortune on His believers and, consequential thereof, we need to know where lays the means to that end.

To answer this question, we would actually have to return to the Hindu mythology on the Churning of the Ocean of Milk again. Amongst the various Treasures that were churned out from the Ocean of Milk was the Goddess of Wealth and Fortune, Lakshmi, who chose Lord Vishnu as Her consort. The unlimited wealth and fortune is logically from Goddess Lashmi and bestowed on believers in the name of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep.

As we have promised in our earlier article we will not be joining the crowd to just plug information from the thin air when we come to describe Phra Jaktukam Ramathep’s devine abilities and we will provide readers with a cross reference pertaining to each of the afore-stated abilities of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep with that of Lord Vishnu’s to help our readers make senses out of their belief, we believe we had done nothing short of our promises in this article and we earnestly hope you enjoyed it.

Phra Jaktukam Ramathep: A Frenzy throughout Asia

Jaktukam

Phra Jaktukam Ramathep, a God of Wealth in Thailand and Southeast Asia, has driven billions of dollars in transactions within Thai amulet market, and so many legends have emerged in pertinence thereto. Some people say that He is the two Siamese princes respectively named Jaktukam and Ramathep. Some people claim that He is the four guardian Gods of the city of Nakhon Si Thammarat, whilst some people speculate that He is either King Chandrabunu Lord Sri Srinagarang, also known as “Black King of the South Sea” and second to the Srivijaya Throne. Yet there are alsopeople who think He is the manifestation of Avalokiteshvara Bodisattva and so on. In these many legends, which is true or who exactly is Phra Jaktukam Ramathep?

The frenzy…

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帕泽渡金拉玛帖: 泰國境內外的狂熱文化

JaktukamRamathep

帕澤渡金拉瑪帖,一尊在泰國和東南亞一帶瘋魔至令的財神,帶動了佛牌產業市場億萬交易,也因此崛起很多傳說。有人說祂是兩位暹羅王子澤渡金和拉瑪帖,有人說祂是洛坤府那空是貪瑪叻城市的四尊監護神,也有人說祂是或者錢德拉巴努國王或斯里斯裡納爾讓勳爵,也被稱為“南海黑王”,以及斯里維加亞王座的第二個繼承人,甚至有人說祂是觀世音菩薩等等。在這眾多的傳說中,到底那個才是真,帕澤渡金拉瑪帖到底是何方神聖?

閱讀更多…

Thai Theravada Ordination Ceremony

ordination

The Thai Theravada ordination ceremony is not only an intriguing event but also a complex tradition that was created by Lord Buddha which constitute original Buddhism today. For two-thousand-five-hundred and sixty over years, the meanings of each and every ritual involved in the ceremony have been zealously guarded and preserved. The Thai Theravada ordination ceremony not only forms the crux of Thai society but also serve as the essence of recognition for Thai Buddhist amulet dealers throughout the world.

Many owners of Thai amulet shops…

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Phra Prom – Four-Face Buddha

Phra Prom

When it comes to the Four-Faced Buddha, we can hear all kinds of rumours that make inevitably make many people sceptical about Thai Buddhism. There are also many unlearned fools who are fond of fabricating many unfounded stories to describe the Four-Faced Buddha, depicting the deity close to the characteristics of demons.

Youtube

Who actually is Four-Faced Buddha? Do we make vegetarian or non-vegetarian offerings to Him? Do you really need to strip dance or perform an erotic dance in making thanksgiving? The source of the The Origin of Phra Prom (“Four-Face Buddha”)…

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四面佛

Phra Prom

 

談到泰國四面佛,我們也同時能聽到各式各樣的流言,使得泰國佛教在許多人的心目中難免蒙上一片詭異。也有不少愚者不但誤己更欲誤人,捏造許多毫無根據的故事來把四面佛描繪近乎邪神。

 

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那到底誰是四面佛?拜四面佛是用葷還是素?答謝四面佛當真要跳脫衣舞或艷舞嗎?帕蓬“四面佛”的來源….

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