帕泽渡金拉玛帖:毗濕奴大天王

Jaktukam3

在我們之前的文章“帕泽渡金拉玛帖: 泰國境內外的狂熱文化”中,我們類別分明地通過圍繞着神明的眾多故事來區分事實和虛假以便幫助我們的讀者將事實與他們的信仰相關聯以確定辨認帕泽渡金拉玛帖究竟是那尊神明。因此,憑藉考古證據,毗濕奴普拉納經文記錄和歷史驗證,我們都得到一個堅定的結論,那就是帕泽渡金拉玛帖實際上是印度教毗濕奴大天王,是印度教三尊至高無上的神之一。 所以,在本文中,我們將交叉參考帕泽渡金拉玛帖與毗濕奴大天王的神聖能力,使信徒能夠更深入了解他們的信仰。

帕泽渡金拉玛帖的標誌性形象

正如在市場所常見的那樣,帕泽渡金拉玛帖的護身符,佛牌和雕像都是用不同的材料製作而且款式眾多,因此,對於該神袛沒有深入了解的人來說,這可能會造成很大的困惑。 然而,如果信徒有足夠的觀察力,傳統的護身符,佛牌和帕泽渡金拉玛帖的雕像既包含該神袛本身的神象之外,通常也會包含以下一個或多個像徵性圖像,如納迦,太陽和月亮,以及帕拉壺(天狗)。 護身符和佛牌後側的設計有更大的靈活性,它可以雕有寺廟標誌,佛塔,高德即高僧形象等等圖案形象。

然而,我們必須再三強調,這些具有像徵性的圖像並非出於奇思妙想的設計,而是根據印度教經文記錄設計的。與帕澤渡金拉瑪帖一起出現的每個標誌性圖像都具有特定或一系列特定目的的意向,並且皆可追溯到印度教經文記載中和通過其中典故得到解釋。因此,如果伴隨著帕澤渡金拉瑪帖的任何標誌性設計無法追溯到印度教經文中且得不到解釋,那麼那批護身符,佛牌和神像的起源就值得質疑了!

瓦諾佛寺, 帕泽渡金

根據前所提到的,帕澤渡金拉瑪帖和他的能力是他的護身符,佛牌和

神像的主要效果,而其他像徵性圖像且具有次要效果。 因此,佛牌經銷商有責任教育他們的顧客,並仔細地將後者的需求與護身符和佛牌的主要和次要效果影響相匹配好。對於本文的其餘部分,除了闡明帕澤渡金拉瑪帖的神聖能力之外,我們還將為讀者解釋帕澤渡金拉瑪帖與那些象徵性圖像(如納迦,太陽和月亮,帕拉壺)之間的聯繫是如何發生的以及後者的次要效果影響 是麼。

瓦普泰薩灣佛寺, 帕泽渡金

以上顯示的五頭納迦帕澤渡金拉瑪帖的神像起源於大城府地區泰國歷史悠久的寺廟之一瓦普泰薩灣佛寺。在帕澤渡金拉瑪帖熱期間價錢曾一度上漲到10萬泰銖的市值。 今天,源于瓦普泰薩灣佛寺的帕澤渡金拉瑪帖神聖物仍然是備受追捧的,導致市面上出現很多仿造的假護身符,佛牌和神像。

除了神聖物的價格外,這尊神像的獨特之處是伴著帕澤渡金拉瑪帖那條五頭納迦。五頭納迦被稱為阿迪世薩,是所有納迦之王。我們不會在本文 中深入研究阿迪世薩的來源,但足以說明的是它的五個頭代表支持宇宙的五大支柱併且阿迪世薩是毘濕奴大天王的同伴。依據印度教經文記載,阿迪世薩是生命 和連續性的保護者。因此,當帕澤渡金拉瑪帖與納迦出現時,實際上便便毘濕奴大天王與他的同伴阿迪世薩一起出現,這意味著為他的信徒提供保護。

瓦瑪哈塔沃拉瑪哈維漢, 帕泽渡金

文中有關於翻騰牛奶海洋(既是距離七大洋中心第五海洋)的典故。這是另一個超出了本文範圍的長且複雜的故事,然而,為了幫助我們的讀者連接種種象徵標誌的重要性,我們將提供關於翻騰牛奶海洋的簡要總結。

翻騰牛奶海洋

在聖人杜瓦薩的詛咒下,眾天神正在漸漸失去他們神能力量,需要牛奶海洋中的艾密特拉甘露才能恢復祂們的神能力量。然而,眾天神的體制已經太弱了,不能自己攪動牛奶海洋,因此,他們欺騙眾阿修羅來幫助他們,且承諾事成後將和眾阿修羅分享艾密特拉甘露。然而,在取得艾密特拉甘露後,毗濕奴大天王化身變成了一位充滿吸引力且迷人的少女,以分散和欺騙眾阿修羅,把他們所得的艾密特拉甘露一一騙回。唯有一名阿修羅,即拉壺視破毗濕奴大天王的動機,而化身成天神把得到的艾密特拉甘露喝下。儘管如此,拉壺還是被太陽和太陰兩給發現,祂們將拉壺暴露給毗濕奴大天王。就在艾密特拉甘露未充分發揮作用之前,毗濕奴大天王便揮起寶劍將拉壺砍成兩段,但由於艾密特拉甘露的影響,拉壺的上半身仍然成為金剛不朽身。因此,拉壺發誓要對太陽和太陰兩神進行報復,並試圖把祂們吞下(印度教徒在日食背後的理論)。然而,因為拉壺沒了下半身所以太陽和太陰兩能穿過他的腹部並結束了日食。因此,當帕澤渡金拉瑪帖護身符和佛牌與太陽,月亮和拉壺一起出現時,它意味著帕澤渡金拉瑪帖將幫助他的信徒保持安然無恙。

如果我們選擇相信那些充滿缺陷的流言,例如帕澤渡金拉瑪帖指的是城市的四尊監護神,或者錢德拉巴努國王或斯里納爾讓勳爵,也被稱為“南海黑王”,以及斯里維加亞王座的第二個繼承人或觀世音菩薩或沿著這條線的任何主張,我們便同樣無法如以上所訴的那樣解釋和斷然地闡明每個像徵性的神物和帕澤渡金拉瑪帖之間的聯繫和關係了。

至於何以帕拉壺能從一個魔界的阿修羅搖身一變成為泰國佛教萬人崇拜的神明,而祂又如何幫助信徒驅逐“小人”等等,這些將在我們不久將開即將發表關於帕拉壺的文章中詳細為讀者闡述和解釋。欲知詳情,請繼續關注我們。

帕澤渡金拉瑪帖給予信徒的金錢是從何獲得?

還記得,在我們之前的文章“帕澤渡金拉瑪帖:泰國境內外的狂熱文化”中,我們在子標題“神聖物體與信徒之間的聯繫”裡聲稱“對泰國佛教的信仰遠遠超越了僅僅相信的主要先決條件,並且需要一個連接過去,現在和未來的清晰描述。同樣的理論也適用於連接信徒和神聖物體的信仰。信徒需要知道神聖物體的起源(過去),干預情境 的能力(現在),以及帶來期望結果(未來)。”嗎?眾所周知,帕澤渡金拉瑪帖是尊財神,常賜予祂的信徒金錢和財富,因此,我們需要知道祂財源的來歷。

要回答這個問題,我們實際上又必須再次回到關於翻騰牛奶海洋的印度教典故中。從牛奶海洋生出的各種寶物恰好有一尊金錢和財富女神拉施密,而金錢和財富女神拉施偏偏 選擇了毘濕濕大天王為她的配偶。因此,無限的金錢和財富在邏輯上該是來自金錢和財富女神拉施密。

正如我們在前文章中所承諾的那樣,當我們來描述帕澤渡金拉瑪帖的神聖能力時,我們不會加入群眾憑空捏造信息,我們將為讀者提供有根有據有跡可循的信息,如以上所述帕澤渡金拉瑪帖和毗濕濕大天王的每種能力的交叉參考。如此一來,我們不但實現了我們的諾言,同時我們也幫助我們的讀者更深一層了解他們的信仰。傳授泰國佛教的基本信條是我們的使命,鼓勵在宗教信仰中培養智慧是我們的目標,我們真誠地希望我們的社區能夠實現一個健康的佛教生活方式。

Phra Jaktukam Ramathep: Lord Vishnu

In our previous article “Phra Jaktukam Ramathep: A Frenzy Culture Within and Beyond Thailand” we categorically helped our readers to correlate facts to their beliefs in identifying who Phra Jakukam Ramathep really is by first distinguishing between facts and falsehoods amongst the numerous stories surrounding the Deity. Consequently, we all came to a firm conclusion by virtue of archaeological evidence, puranic records, and historical verifications that Phra Jaktukam Ramathep is in fact one of Hindu’s supreme God Lord Vishnu. Therefore, in this article, we are going to cross reference the godly abilities of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep with that of Lord Vishnu to enable believers to have a better understanding of their belief.

The Iconic Images of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep
 
As evidenced in the market, amulets, pendants, and images of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep are made with different materials and come in numerous styles that can prove really confusing to those who do not possess an in-depth understanding about the Deity. However, if believers are observant enough, traditional amulets, pendants, and images of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep contains either an image of the Deity Himself or together with one or more of the following emblematic images such as nagas, sun and moon, and Phra Rahu. More flexibility is accorded only to the rear side of amulets and pendants which may include talismans, images of chedi, Luang Phors, Phra Pidta and et cetera.

 

Wat Noak, Jaktukam 2 dragons (2nd batch)

However, it has to be emphasised from the outset that these emblematic images are not designs out of whims and fancy but are rooted in puranic records. Each emblematic image that appears with Phra Jaktukam Ramathep is representational of a specific or a series of specific purposes of which can be explained and traced back to puranic records. Therefore, if any emblemtic design accompanying Phra Jaktukam Ramathep that is not traceable and explained in the Puranas, then the origin of those amulets, pendants, and images become fundamentally questionable.

Wat Noak, Jatukam, 1st Batch

Pursuant to the aforementioned, Phra Jaktukam Ramathep and His abilities is the principal effect of His amulets, pendants, and images whilst other emblematic figures possess secondary effects. Therefore, it is the responsibility of amulet dealers to educate their customers and carefully match the latter’s needs with both the principal and secondary effects of amulets and pendants.

For the rest of this article, besides elucidating the capabilities of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep, we are also going to explain how associations between Phra Jaktukam Ramathep and those emblematic images such as nagas, sun and moon, and Phra Rahu occur and what their secondary effects thereof are.

Wat Phutthaisawan – Jaktukam

The above amulet originated from one of Thailand’s historical temple Wat Phutthaisawan in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya district and has once rose to the market value of 100,000 baht during the Jaktukam fever. Today, it remains one of the highly sought after amulets which resulted in many imitations.

Price of the amulet aside, the unique feature here is Phra Jaktukam Ramathep has a five-headed naga acting as His sunshade. The five-headed naga is called Adishesha, the King of all nagas. We will not be delving into the story of Adishesha in this article but suffice to state herein that its five heads represent the five pillars or directions of the universe which it supports and that Adishesha is Lord Visnu’s companion. Adishesha is the protector of life and continuity. Therefore, when Phra Jaktukam Ramathep appears with his naga companion, it is actually Lord Vishnu with his companion Adishesha and it means offering protection to His believers.

Wat Phra Mahathat Voramaha Vihara, Jaktukam

Amulets and pendants featuring Phra Jaktukam Ramathep with the sun, moon, and Phra Rahu may be traced back to the Hindu mythology pertaining to the Churning of the Ocean of Milk as per the Vishnu Purana. This is yet another long and complicated story which is beyond the scope of this article. However, to help our readers correlate the significance of the various emblematic figures we shall provide a brief summary on the Churning of the Ocean of Milk.

Churning of the Ocean of Milk

The Devas, under the curse of sage Durvasas, were losing their powers and needed the amrita in the deep ocean to recover. However, the Devas were already too weak to churn the ocean of milk by themselves and, hence, they tricked the Asuras into helping them by promising the latter a share of the amrita. Nonetheless, after retrieving the amrita, Lord Vishnu transformed into an attractive and captivating damsel to distract and trick the Asuras of their share of the amrita whilst the Devas drank theirs. Only one Asura, that is Rahu, saw through Lord Vishnu’s trick and disguised himself as a Deva to drink the amrita. Nevertheless, Rahu was discovered by Sun God Surya and the Moon God Chandra who exposed Rahu to Lord Vishnu. Just before the amrita took full effect, Lord Vishnu cut Rahu into half but, because of the effect of the amrita, Rahu’s upper body remained immortal. Consequently, Rahu vowed revenge against the Sun and Moon Gods and attempted to swallow them whenever he has the opportunity (the Hindu’s rationale behind eclipse). Nevertheless, the Sun and Moon pass through his belly and end the eclipse. Therefore, when Phra Jaktukam Ramathep amulets and pendants come with the Sun, Moon, and Rahu, it signifies that Phra Jaktukam Ramathep will help His believers to remain unharmed.

With this explanation and association amongst the various emblematic figures, we believe readers are now in an even better position to understand the actual relationship between Phra Jaktukam Ramathep and Lord Vishnu. If we are to believe any of those flawed speculations such as the four guardians of the city, or King Chandra Banu or Lord Sri Srinagarang, also known as “Black King of the South Sea” and the second of the Srivijaya Throne or Avalokiteshvara Bodisattva or anything along this line of propagation then we will equally not be able to explain and categorically elucidate the association and relationship amongst each of those emblematic figures as we have done above.

As regards how an Asuras like Rahu from the nether world is able to gain His own worshippers and help dispel “small people” like backstabbers, gossipers, and et cetera will be fully elaborated and explained in one of our upcoming articles on Phra Rahu.

Where does Phra Jaktukam Ramathep Gets Money to Give Believers?

Remember in our previous article “Phra Jaktukam Ramathep: A Frenzy Culture Within and Beyond Thailand” under the sub-header “The Connection between Sacred Objects and Believers” we postulated that “Faith in Thai Buddhism far transcend the primary prerequisite of mere believe and necessitate a clear description connecting past, present, and future. The same theory applies to the faith connecting believers and sacred objects. Believers need to know the origin (past) of the sacred object, its ability to intervene in a situation (present), and bringing about a desire outcome (future)”? As we all know, Phra Jaktukam Ramathep is known to bestow wealth and fortune on His believers and, consequential thereof, we need to know where lays the means to that end.

To answer this question, we would actually have to return to the Hindu mythology on the Churning of the Ocean of Milk again. Amongst the various Treasures that were churned out from the Ocean of Milk was the Goddess of Wealth and Fortune, Lakshmi, who chose Lord Vishnu as Her consort. The unlimited wealth and fortune is logically from Goddess Lashmi and bestowed on believers in the name of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep.

As we have promised in our earlier article we will not be joining the crowd to just plug information from the thin air when we come to describe Phra Jaktukam Ramathep’s devine abilities and we will provide readers with a cross reference pertaining to each of the afore-stated abilities of Phra Jaktukam Ramathep with that of Lord Vishnu’s to help our readers make senses out of their belief, we believe we had done nothing short of our promises in this article and we earnestly hope you enjoyed it.

Phra Jaktukam Ramathep: A Frenzy throughout Asia

Jaktukam

Phra Jaktukam Ramathep, a God of Wealth in Thailand and Southeast Asia, has driven billions of dollars in transactions within Thai amulet market, and so many legends have emerged in pertinence thereto. Some people say that He is the two Siamese princes respectively named Jaktukam and Ramathep. Some people claim that He is the four guardian Gods of the city of Nakhon Si Thammarat, whilst some people speculate that He is either King Chandrabunu Lord Sri Srinagarang, also known as “Black King of the South Sea” and second to the Srivijaya Throne. Yet there are alsopeople who think He is the manifestation of Avalokiteshvara Bodisattva and so on. In these many legends, which is true or who exactly is Phra Jaktukam Ramathep?

The frenzy…

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帕泽渡金拉玛帖: 泰國境內外的狂熱文化

JaktukamRamathep

帕澤渡金拉瑪帖,一尊在泰國和東南亞一帶瘋魔至令的財神,帶動了佛牌產業市場億萬交易,也因此崛起很多傳說。有人說祂是兩位暹羅王子澤渡金和拉瑪帖,有人說祂是洛坤府那空是貪瑪叻城市的四尊監護神,也有人說祂是或者錢德拉巴努國王或斯里斯裡納爾讓勳爵,也被稱為“南海黑王”,以及斯里維加亞王座的第二個繼承人,甚至有人說祂是觀世音菩薩等等。在這眾多的傳說中,到底那個才是真,帕澤渡金拉瑪帖到底是何方神聖?

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