Rheesi Phra Prathit Phai

Luang Phor Jai Thitajaro of Wat Payayat, Amphawa, Amphawa District, Samut Songkhram

Rheesi Phra Prathit Phai is the ancestral Rheesi of Luang Phor Jai Thitajaro of Wat Payayat, Amphawa, Amphawa District, Samut Songkhram. Rheesi Phra Prathit Phai is one of the main 108 Rheesi and the teacher of Hanuman. He is a known problem solver, be it magical, hypothetical, or practical and is highly respected and revered.

A Brief Legend

A long time ago, King Gaudom of Muang Saket who without a successor decided to forgo his kingdom and retreat into the forest as a Rheesi. His beard grew so long that sparrows came and built their nests. One day, a sparrow said to Rheesi Gaudom that he was a sinner and a deserter without sons and daughters and chose to elude by becoming a Rheesi. Infuriated, Rheesi Gaudom used his magical power and created a woman Nang Kalachana. Both of them lived together until she had a daughter named Nang Swaha.

Later, Lord Indra the Sun God, who wanted to consolidate their power to help Lord Vishnu defeat his enemies, impregnated Nang Kalachana causing her to give birth to a son, Phraya Katak. When Rheesi Gaudom found out about it, he dropped the two children including Nang Swaha into the water and prayed that if anyone is his child, swim back to him, if not, turn into a monkey and be banished into the forest. Only Nang Swaha swam back. Phraya Katak was turned into a monkey and scurried away into the forest. Rheesi Gaudom was also very angry with Nang Kalachana and cursed her to be turned into a stone. In retaliation, Nang Kalachana cursed her own daughter, Nang Swaha, to stand on one leg and eat the wind in the foothills of the universe and will pass the curse of Rheesi Gaudom on Phraya Katak to his grandchildren who shall also be monkeys.

Hanuman Omp Macha, Year 2552

Phra Phai, the Storm God released Nang Swaha from her mother’s curse when she gave birth to their son Hanuman, the Monkey God. When Phra Phai brought Hanuman to visit Lord Shiva, the latter created a great spell and turned Hanuman into an immortal with a body resistant to all weapons and, if killed, will be revived with just a blow of the wind. With such great powers, Hanuman quickly rises to become a great Warrior God and has defeated many strong enemies.

However, at one time, when Hanuman fought with a powerful giant Brlaikalpa he was surprised that he could not even catch Brlaikalpa, because the giant Brlaikalpa has rejuvenated with oil, so that the body is so oily that nothing could hold on to it. Hanuman thought of a Rheesi living in the nearby forest and flew to ask the Rheesi Prathit Phai how he could defeat Brlaikalpa. Rheesi Prathit Phai, afraid of sin, refused to tell Hanuman, but he picked up some sand and dust and sprinkled it into the air. Immediately, Hanuman broke into wild laughter and flew back to fight the giant Brlaikalpa. Hanuman ran so fast in circles around Brlaikalpa, causing the sand and dust to fill the air that when settled on Brlaikalpa’s body caused it to lose its oiliness. Thereafter, Hanuman had sought advice from Rheesi Phra Prathit Phai so much so that he honored Rheesi Phra Prathit Phai as his teacher.

Rheesi Phra Prathit Phai Nang Khlong

Rheesi Phra Prathit Phai Nang Khlong 2552

Luang Phor Jai has a deep understanding of the magical power of his ancestral Rheesi Phra Prathit Phai and what his ancestral Rheesi can do to help believers. Therefore, in year 2552, he made and consecrated his ancestral Rheesi Phra Prathit Phai in the style of the left hand holding a magic wand to support the divine destiny of the worshipers, the right in the posture of wealth fetching, and sitting above the large Tabor drum, the symbol of the Mae Klong River Basin which means having power, honor, and reputation. Following his lineage of Sai Mae Klong sect, Luang Phor Jai followed the ancient texts using the Sondhi method in the creation of this batch of statues and amulets.

Rheesi Phra Prathit Phai Nang Khlong 2552

Under the Sondhi method, an auspicious time of Sittichok was chosen for the casting ritual so that when combined it promotes career, finance, luck, and wealth to flow continuously. He also invited several guru monks from the inner path to help perform a special Putthapisek ceremony and they include Luang Por Kong of Wat Bang Kraphom, Luang Phor Nueng of Wat Chulamanee, Luang Phor Puek of Wat Suan Luang, Luang Phor Nu of Wat Phumarin, Luang Phor Kae of Wat Maenam, Luang Phor Yot of Kaew Charoen, Luang Phor Noi of Wat Pak Klong Temple, and et cetera.

Rheesi Phra Prathit Phai Nang Khlong

Rheesi Phra Prathit Phai Nang Khlong, Photograph contributed by collector Mr Robin Lim

Yi Kho Hong

Yi Kho Hong, original name Tee Yong Sae Tae, was born in 1851 (Thai calender 2394) and bestowed the title of Deputy Head of Thousand Anuwat Ratchaniyom Nai Akorn Bonbia in the land of His Majesty King Mongkut, Rama IV.

He was brought back to his hometown in the Qing Kingdom (now communist China) by his parents in 1853 where he suffered 14 years of humiliation and embarrassment until he reached the age of 16 years old.

In 1867 Yi Kho Hong travelled back to Siam. Contrary to the mindset of older Chinese immigrants, Yi Kho Hong considered himself a Siamese and pledged to live and die as a Siamese. He was dedicated to honest and diligent lifestyle through doing business and building a stable and respectable position in the society.

Yi Kho Hong amulets

In the reign of King Chulalongkorn, Rama 5, as the Siam Kingdom expanded in foreign trading, Yi Kho Hong set a trading company named Kiam Hua to send products to and from abroad. His business thrived and he quickly became a wealthy master. He noticed a similar trait between the Siamese and the Chinese immigrants, that is, both ethnic groups are attracted to gambling. He therefore initiated the lottery play in Siam to that agenda.

According to Folklore

Like most Siamese of those days, Yi Kho Hong took a special interest in occult and magic and became proficient in two specialised areas. When he set up a lottery hall at Sam Yot he use the magic techniques learned to protect his interests against opponents who will come and destroy his hall before the lottery is released. He was said to have performed the ceremony properly according to traditions and his lottery business progressed swiftly. The main essences of his magic are to prevent both competitors and customers from cheating and destroying his business so that he can make hefty profits.

His popularity and wealth increased rapidly and the Chinese community became united under his leadership. Together with eleven other Chinese business immigrants, they constructed Por Tek Tueng Foundation is located opposite Phlaplachai Police Station and invited the deity Tai Hong Kong to allow people to pay their respects and seek prosperity. The Por Tek Tueng Foundation also helps to manage and handle unclaimed corpses, especially those of the Chinese immigrants.

There is still a growing popularity of people worshiping Yi Kho Hong be they Thai or foreigners because they all believe that if they want good luck in buying lottery or gambling, praying to Yi Kho Hong will materialise their desire. However, in many respects this must not exceed the law of karma as well or they will end up being disappointed. There is a wide variety of auspicious items made and consecrated by traditional Thai temples or from either the Por Tek Tueng Foundation or the Phlapphlachai Police Station. People carry and wear Yi Kho Hong amulets mainly for good gaming luck and prosperity. Some people may invite his image and worship at home or business places. The preferred offerings are black coffee without sugar and Mak Plu tobacco.

Origin of Phra Pikaniat

Phra Pikaniat or Lord Ganesh, the elder son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, is a popular Hindu God. Lord Shiva is part of Supreme Being Trimurti and Goddess Parvati is also part of Supreme Goddess Shakti. The origin of Lord Ganesh is contained in Shiva Purana, part of the Shivaism corpus of literature. He has an elephant head and a human body. He is the most popular Hindu God and is also regarded as the Chieftain of Gods. All religious ceremony must first go through Him because he clears all obstacles and ensures success. Consequently, it becomes believed those who seek success in business must first pay respect to Lord Ganesh.

The Birth of Ganesha

It is recorded in Shiva Purana that one day, Goddess Parvati told Nandi, one of Lord Shiva’s able followers who was assigned as her bodyguard that she did not want to be disturbed as she takes her bath and he was not to let anyone pass, including her husband, Lord Shiva. Nandi faithfully took his post but when Lord Shiva came home, Nandi tried to stop him but when His Lordship was insistent, Nandi let him passed through. Parvati was infuriated by what happened.

Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati

In another day, when Goddess Parvati wished to take a bath and did not want to be disturbed but in lieu of asking Nandi to stand guard, she took the turmeric paste (for bathing) from her body and breathed life into it, she created Lord Ganesh out of it and declared him to be her own loyal son. She asked Lord Ganesh to stand guard for her.

When Lord Shiva returned home, he was deprived entry by the young boy. Lord Shiva was greatly offended and ordered His men to destroy Lord Ganesh. However, they failed. They were easily defeated by the young boy, thus, compelling Lord Shiva to take on the young boy himself.

Goddess Kali

Being one of the Supreme Gods, Lord Shiva was able to defeat Lord Ganesh easily and, out of blind anger, he severed Lord Ganesh’s head. When Goddess Parvati saw that, she was so enraged and she transformed into her multi-arms devilish form of Goddess of Death, Kali. Goddess Kali threatened to destroy all creation. That alarmed the Creator, Lord Brahma who tried to salvage the precarious situation. The Goddess of Death laid down two conditions, firstly, Lord Ganesh be resurrected and, secondly, thereafter be accorded the status of Ganapati and be honoured before all Gods in all religious ceremonies.

Knowing his wife well and realising the consequence of His rashness, Lord Shiva asked Lord Brahma to fetch Him the head of the first living creature He found facing in the North direction. Lord Brahma, upon reaching the North spotted an elephant and hence returned with an elephant’s severed head which Lord Shiva joined it to Lord Ganesh’s lifeless body. With His own breath, Lord Shiva brought Lord Ganesh back to life and declared Him His own son.

With the agreement of the three Supreme Gods, Lord Ganesh was accorded the status of leader of all ganas (all classes of beings) and will be worshipped before all other Gods in all religious ceremonies. It was from then that Lord Ganesh received His alternative name Ganapati – leader of all classes of beings.

Phra Pikaniat shrine at Central World

Lord Ganesh is known as Phra Pikaniat in Thailand and is widely worshipped by Thais. There are many temples and shrines dedicated to Phra Pikaniat. The most accessible would be the shrine at Central World, Rajmari Road which is frequented by both Thais and foreigners.

Wat Saman Rattanaram

Another Phra Pikaniat temple that has attracted tourists from around the world is Wat Saman Rattanaram in Chachoengsao with a large reclining statue of Lord Ganesha measuring 16 meters high and 22 meters long.

Besides the removing of obstacles, it is almost customary for Thais to pray to Phra Pikaniat when starting a business, embark on long travelling, starting a new construction or during engagement or wedding. Praying to Phra Pikaniat is also popular with university students not because Phra Pikaniat will do the exams for them but He will instead remove all obstacles to learning. Phra Pikaniat is also well-known for His passion for fine arts and is, thus, believed to encourage creativeness. This is evident in the logos of Thailand’s Department of Fine Arts and Silapakorn University.

Regalia Buddhist Cultural Centre

Regalia Buddhis Cultural Centre’s company logo

The Phra Pikaniat in our logo, sitting at the centre of our company’s name in Thai “Regalia Soon Wathanathamputh” or Regalia Buddhist Cultural Centre contains our mission to “encourage people to come and pray (Conch Shell) by pulling them to the highest goal (Rope) in the right path (Tusk) through love, wisdom, and action (Trident)”.




然而,很幸運地,當我們用泰語“พี่จุก”來搜索時,我們直接被導入了瓦蒜鑾佛寺的 網站且發現一篇名為“帕瓦批族古曼貼卡題”的文章,該文章是由翁珀恩亦延澇女士撰寫有關”批族“的起源。我們已經重新發佈了上述文章,並把資料來源歸由翁珀恩亦延澇女士和瓦蒜鑾佛寺。將“批族”翻譯成中文的“大哥族”可能也導致了失實陳述。如果有人需要字面翻譯,就讓我們提供微勞吧!“พี่”是“兄弟”,“大哥”,“大姐”,或“先生”等的總稱而“จุก”是奶嘴,因此,“พี่จุก” 是指“奶嘴兄弟”,不過經翻譯拼音便成“大哥族”。




如果觀眾夠細心觀察的話,編劇人員們一般都喜歡用小女鬼多過小男鬼,但是他們還是把小女鬼稱之為古曼童。讓我們在這裡為讀者提供一道配菜,在泰國文化中,古曼童的女性對手稱為古曼莉。這是許多人所不知道的事情,特別是外國人,可能古曼莉不如古曼童出名,所以編劇人員們便乾脆把小女鬼也叫古曼童。此外,這些神秘故事中缺少了一種必要的儀式,以便產生一個由咒語控制的嬰兒幽靈。一個小鬼不是墮胎的自然結果,否則在目前這個文明世界,我們將會有太多的小鬼到處狂奔了唄!除此外,鬼仔的先決條件是一個完全發育的胎兒,它與其母親一起死亡,再通過黑魔法將其從母親的子宮中取出,並將其靈魂召回胎盤。到目前為止,只有“坤平 – 軍閥的傳說“戲中有向觀眾介紹了這段程序。




儘管有這些謬誤,為了使其更完美,編劇們隨後增加了越來越多的荒唐添加內容。如果觀眾有主意到的話,在這些故事中,業力報應通常是在未來十年後方出現,並且 隨著時間的推移,小鬼也已成長為一個小男孩或小女孩。也許,編劇發現一個嬰兒甚至一個牙牙學語的小孩都無法造成太大的恐懼和殺傷,所以他們概念化了小鬼需要長大。這條故事後來被稱為 “賣”鬼仔的人所借用,然而,這“概念”本身就具有太多疑問,其中一個是個非常基本的問題,假設所述傳播屬真,那麼小鬼不是最終會長大成為一個成年鬼,一個老 鬼甚至一個垂死鬼嗎?好笑吧,不是嗎?或者,不,該是好可怕……被人愚弄了!這些都是故事講述者無法預見的漏洞和逆境,但仍然有很多人還是因為本身的邪念而遭受神棍給騙了。

實際上,古曼童既不是鬼故事,也不是坤平將軍文學中的典故,它是關於圍繞生命週期的宇宙定律,但這些定義在一般故事中都沒有令人滿意的描述出來。這個宇宙定律 是通過關於業力因果報應法則的佛教哲學來演變和解釋的。對那些不瞭解佛教概念的人,特別是南傳佛教概念,這些故事內容通常是困惑的,因此破譯其表麵價值信息不可避免地導致對泰國佛教和古曼童 的錯誤理解。這聽起來可能會對無知者造成很大的傷害,但不幸的是,真相往往是不會令人愉快的,特別是當它與個人信念產生矛盾時。

作為泰國佛教信徒和實踐者,且懷有一絲學術基礎,請允許我假設這個世界不可能僅僅依靠純粹的科學存在,儘管科學和技術都在不斷發展,但在這些不為人知的情況下仍然存在 著一些科學和技術既不能解釋也不能涵蓋的事項。然而,拒絕不明事項的存在除了隱瞞無知和沮喪之外,也沒有任何有益的目的。同樣的,迷信在實體上或心靈上都沒有積極 的貢獻。溫和派學者最近開始接觸雙重存在理論和概念,但我認為這種理論雖然對心靈提供款曲和對科學添加光澤,但也僅此而已。它仍然沒有解釋科學上的模糊地帶,即 隱藏在某個空間範圍內的神秘。代替雙重存在理論,我們更傾向於通過雙重科學的視角來觀察世界和泰國佛教,這是兩種科學的共存,即純科學和心靈科學。